The pod will pivot to face the destination point by a maximum of 18 degrees per turn and will then accelerate in that direction.
That's from the gold/legend league rules. I reversed these 18° myself while being in silver
The physics are poorly described.
The formulas are from reverse engineering or asking the staff, I don't know. Magus himself writes
The collisions in this contest are perfect elastic collisions with a half-momentum of 120. You didn't understand? Me neither. Frankly I would've never found this code without the help of Neumann and pb4608.
Mean Max is the first contest, where you finally get real code for the physics engine and didn't have to guess cornercases yourself, until you got the same values.